(Testudo hermanni) generally inhabits mountains and areas with Mediterranean vegetation. In Spain, it can only be found in the wild in Catalonia and on the Balearic Islands.

The Mediterranean turtle, Testudo Hermanni




They usually reach a size of less than 20cm, although larger specimens have been found.

Reproduction and Eating Habits

From May to June, the females lay between 3 and 8 eggs in small pits. It is essentially a vegetarian species. Their diet is based on wild plants (dandelion, thistle, hedge mustard, clover…). They have been known to feed on berries and fruits, and every now and then, carrion.


Mediterranean tortoises are at risk of extinction in the wild, mainly due to factors such as mechanized farming and pesticide use, transit, fire, destruction of the environment, urbanization and illegal catch.

The animal is particularly protected by law for being an endangered species and their possession by individuals is punishable by heavy fines.

If you find a Mediterranean tortoise, is recommended not to take it or take it to a reintroduction center, as if we are removing animals from the already small population, we are only working with extinction.

The T. hermanni is included in the IUCN Red List of endangered species, protected by the Berne Convention. Also included in the DATES 1332/2005 and the Directive of the European Community, so that is absolutely prohibited the capture of wild specimens.


From the hand of biologist and naturalist Samuel Pinya, activities to learn how these fascinating reptiles are done early, tortoises, as living in the garrigue, what is your feeding and especially as they relate to other living beings.

Also, in these activities, monitoring of this species is performed, such as those found copies are marked, as are measured and how they weigh and if lucky find any of the specimens tagged in previous years. Participate!

Testudo Hermanni